Income Tax applicability on HUF
No change in the income tax rates, no additional cess was one of the biggest takeaways of Union Budget 2021 considering the impact of COVID-19 on the economy and reforms announced for its revival.
In Union Budget 2020, the Government gave individual taxpayers & HUFs flexibility to evaluate the two options available for calculating the tax and choose the method which is beneficial for them. Individuals & HUFs can continue to pay tax as per the old tax regime OR opt for the newly introduced concessional tax regime in lieu of foregoing certain tax exemptions & deductions.
Note: Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) will be taxed at the same tax rates and same income slabs as of individual assessee below the age of 60 years.
What is Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)?
Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) is treated as a separate person u/s 2(31) of the Income Tax Act,1961. For the purpose of assessment under the Income Tax Act and Goods & Service Tax Act, Hindu Undivided Family(HUF) will be considered a separate entity from its members.
As per Hindu Law, a family consists of all persons lineally descended from a common ancestor. It will include wife, children, their wives, their children, and unmarried daughters. However, Jains, Sikhs, and Buddhists are not governed by the Hindu Law, but they can also form a HUF under the Act.
Income tax slabs applicable to HUF for AY 22-23 & AY 21-22
Before selecting any method, members of HUFs should carefully examine the pros & cons of both the available options.
New Tax Regime
Old Tax Regime
Upto Rs. 2.5 lakh
Rs. 2.5 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh
Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 7.5 lakh
Rs. 7.5 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh
Rs.10 lakh to Rs.12.5 lakh
Rs.12.5 lakh to Rs.15 lakh
Above Rs. 15 lakh
Income tax slabs applicable to HUF for AY 20-21 (FY 19-20)
|Income Slabs||Tax rate|
|Upto Rs. 2.5 lakh||Nil|
|2.5lakh to 5 lakh||5%|
|5 lakh to 10 lakh||20%|
|Above 10 lakh||0%|
Surcharge for AY 22-23, AY 21-22, and AY 20-21
Rate of surcharge
Upto Rs. 50 lakhs
Rs. 50 lakhs to Rs. 1 Crore
Rs. 1 Crore to Rs. 2 Crores
Rs. 2 Crore to Rs. 5 Crores
Above Rs. 5 Crores
Note: Surcharge will be subject to marginal relief. Hence, the maximum increase in tax payable due to surcharge will be lower from the following
- Income above Rs. 50 lakhs/Rs. 1 Crore/Rs. 2 Crores//Rs. 5 Crores.
- Total amount payable as income-tax and surcharge less the Total amount payable as income-tax on total income of Rs. 50 lakhs/Rs. 1 Crore/ Rs. 2 Crores/Rs. 5 Crores.
Health & Education Cess
4% will be applicable on the total of the income tax and applicable surcharge.
Tax rebate u/s 87A
Cannot be claimed by HUFs.
Note: It is proposed in Union Budget 2021, that the presumptive taxes u/s 44ADA of the Act will also be applicable in the case of Hindu Undivided Family (HUF).
Due date of filing income tax return for HUFs
If books of accounts are to be audited
31st October of AY
If transfer pricing report is to be submitted in Form no. 3CEB
30th November of AY
In all other cases
31st July of AY
Note: The Government has powers to extend the due date of filing an income tax return, tax audit report, and transfer pricing report if the need arises.
Can HUF file a belated return?
As per section 139(4) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 – A belated return of income tax can be filed by a HUF if the return u/s 139(1) was not filed within the prescribed due date.
Note: A belated return can be filed before the end of the relevant assessment year OR before the completion of the assessment whichever is earlier.
Can HUF revise the return?/ Can HUF revise the belated return?
As per section 139(5) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 – A revised return of income tax can be filed by a HUF if the return u/s 139(1) was filed within the prescribed due date.
As per section 139(5) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 – A revised return of income tax can be filed by a HUF if the belated return u/s 139(4) was filed within the prescribed due date.
Note: A revised return can be filed before the end of the relevant assessment year OR before the completion of the assessment whichever is earlier.