GST on GTA

GST on GTA
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Last updated on July 31st, 2022 at 12:09 pm

GST on GTA

Which exemptions from the services of GTA have been withdrawn?

If consideration charged by GTA for a single carriage did not exceed Rs 750 – it was exempt up to 17th July 2022. [This exemption has been withdrawn w.e.f. 18th July 2022] If consideration charged by GTA for a consignment in a single carriage did not exceed Rs 1500 – it was exempt up to 17th July 2022. [This exemption has been withdrawn w.e.f. 18th July 2022]

Relevant Notifications

 

What is the GST rate applicable to GTA?

From 18th July 2022, GTAs will have to choose from two options whether

They will pay GST for services supplied by them @ 5% or 12%

OR

They will not pay GST for services supplied by them @ 5% 

Relevant Notifications

 

Gist of GST on Goods Transport Agency w.e.f. 18th July 2022

Option 1 – If GTA is providing services to registered persons where recipients pay GST @ 5% under RCM. Option 2 – If GTA provides services to registered persons as well as inter-state services to unregistered persons.

  • In the case of services to a registered person, the recipient will pay GST @ 5% under RCM.
  • In case of inter-state service to an unregistered person, GTA will have to pay GST @5% under FCM without ITC.

Option 3 – If GTA opts to pay GST under FCM and at 12% only. Then GTA will pay GST @ 12% under FCM and avail of the input tax credit. Option 4 – If GTA opts to pay GST under FCM and at 5% only. Then GTA will pay GST @ 5% under FCM without availing the credit for taxes paid. Option 5 – If GTA opts to pay GST under FCM but switches between 5% and 12%.

  • GTA will pay GST @ 5% under FCM without availing the credit for taxes paid.
  • GTA will pay GST @ 12% under FCM by availing the proportionate credit for taxes paid.

 

Is GTA required to file a declaration with Jurisdictional Authority?

Yes. If a GTA selects the option to pay GST on a forward charge basis then a declaration as specified in Annexure V needs to be filed with the Jurisdictional Officer before the commencement of the financial year.  [Read in detail about Annexure V to be filed by GTA]

No. If a GTA selects the option not to pay GST on a forward charge basis then the declaration as specified in Annexure V need not be filed by GTA.

Relevant notification

 

Is GTA required to make any declaration in the tax invoice w.e.f. 18th July 2022? 

Yes a declaration as per Annexure III is to be added to the tax invoice  – If GTA opts to pay GST on the forward charge basis and has filed the declaration in Annexure V with Jurisdictional Authority.

No declaration as per Annexure III is not required. – If GTA  does not opt to pay GST on the forward charge basis and does not file the declaration in Annexure V with Jurisdictional Authority.

Specimen of Declaration – Annexure III

Declaration

I/we have taken registration under the CGST Act, 2017 and have exercised the option to pay tax on services of GTA in relation to transport of goods supplied by us during the Financial Year _____ under the forward charge.

Relevant Notifications

Excerpts from GST Notifications applicable to GTA

GST Rate Notification no. 11/2017 dated 28.06.2017 (Amended from time to time)

 

Sr. No.

HSN/ SAC  Description of Services Rate (%) Condition
(1) (2) (3) (4)

(5)

Notification 11/2017 dated 28.06.2017  – To notify the rates for supply of services under the CGST Act,2017

 9.

Heading 9965 (Goods transport services) [Ntf 03/2022]  

(iii)  Services of Goods Transport Agency (GTA) in relation to transportation of goods (including used household goods for personal use) supplied by a GTA where,

(a) GTA does not exercise the option to itself pay GST on the services supplied by it

2.5

The credit of input tax charged on goods and services used in supplying the service has not been taken. [Please refer to Explanation no. (iv)]

(b) GTA exercises the option to itself pay GST on services supplied by it

2.5

(1) In respect of supplies on which GTA pays tax at the rate of 2.5%, GTA shall not take credit of input tax charged on goods and services used in supplying the service.

[Please refer to Explanation no. (iv)]

(2) The option by GTA to itself pay GST on the services supplied by it during a Financial Year shall be exercised by making a declaration in Annexure V on or before the 15th March of the preceding Financial Year

Provided that the option for the Financial Year 2022-2023 shall be exercised on or before the 16th August 2022:

Provided further that invoice for supply of the service charging Central tax at the rates as applicable to clause(b) may be issued during the period from the 18th July 2022 to 16th August 2022 before exercising the option for the financial year  2022-2023 but in such a   case the supplier shall exercise the option to pay GST on its supplies on or before the 16th August 2022.

OR

6

Explanation (iv) Wherever a rate has been prescribed in this notification subject to the condition that credit of input tax charged on goods or services used in supplying the service has not been taken, it shall mean that,-(a) credit of input tax charged on goods or services used exclusively in supplying such service has not been taken; and(b) credit of input tax charged on goods or services used partly for supplying such service and partly for effecting other supplies eligible for input tax credits is reversed as if the supply of such service is an exempt supply and attracts provisions of sub-section (2) of section 17 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 and the rules made thereunder.
 

GST Exemption Notification no. 12/2017 dated 28.06.2017 (Amended from time to time) 

 

Sr. No.

HSN/SAC Description of services Rate Condition
(1) (2) (3) (4)

(5)

Notification 12/2017 dated 28.06.2017 – To notify the exemptions on supply of services under CGST Act – exempts the intra-State supply of services

 

21

Heading 9965 or Heading 9967

(Ntf 12/2017)

(Ntf 04/2022)

Services provided by a goods transport agency, by way of transport in a goods carriage of –

(a) agricultural produce;

(b)  goods, where consideration charged for the transportation of goods on a consignment transported in a single carriage does not exceed one thousand five hundred rupees; [Withdrawn w.e.f. 18.07.2022]

(c)  goods, where consideration charged for transportation of all such goods for a single consignee does not exceed rupees seven hundred and fifty; [Withdrawn w.e.f. 18.07.2022]

(d)  milk, salt, and food grain including flour, pulses, and rice;

(e) organic manure;

(f)   newspaper or magazines registered with the Registrar of Newspapers;

(g)  relief materials meant for victims of natural or man-made disasters, calamities, accidents or mishaps; or

(h) defense or military equipment.

Nil

Nil

21A

Heading 9965 or Heading 9967

(Ntf 32/2017)

Services provided by a goods transport agency to an unregistered person, including an unregistered casual taxable person, other than the following recipients, namely: –

(a) any factory registered under or governed by the Factories Act, 1948(63 of 1948); or

(b) any society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) or under any other law for the time being in force in any part of India; or

(c) any Co-operative Society established by or under any law for the time being in force; or

(d) any body corporate established, by or under any law for the time being in force; or

(e) any partnership firm whether registered or not under any law including association of   persons;

(f) any casual taxable person registered under the Central   Goods   and   Services   Tax   Act   or   the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act or the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act

Nil

Nil

21B

Heading 9965 or Heading 9967

(Ntf 28/2018)

Services provided by a goods transport agency, by way of transport of goods in a goods carriage, to, – 

(a)  a Department or Establishment of the Central Government or State Government or Union territory; or

(b) local authority; or

(c) Governmental agencies,

which has taken registration under the Central Goods and Services TaxAct, 2017 (12 of 2017) only  for  the  purpose  of  deducting  tax  under Section 51 and not for making a taxable supply of goods or service

Nil

Nil

 

GST RCM Notification no. 13/2017 dated 28.06.2017 (Amended from time to time)

Sr. No.

Category of Supply of Services Supplier of service Recipient of Service
(1) (2) (3)

(4)

Notification 13/2017 dated 28.06.2017 – To notify the categories of services on which tax will be payable under the reverse charge mechanism under the CGST Act

1

( Ntf 12/2017)

( Ntf 22/2017)

( Ntf 29/2018)

(Ntf 05/2022)

Supply of Services by a goods transport agency (GTA) who has not paid central tax at the rate of 6% in respect of transportation of goods by road to-

(a) any factory registered under or governed by the Factories Act, 1948(63 of 1948); or

(b) any society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) or under any other law for the time being in force in any part of India; or

(c) any co-operative society established by or under any law; or

(d) any person registered under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act or the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act or the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act; or

(e) any body corporate established, by or under any law; or

(f) any partnership firm whether registered or not under any law including association of persons; or

(g) any casual taxable person

Provided that nothing contained in this entry shall apply to services provided by a goods transport agency, by way of transport of goods in a goods carriage by road, to, –

(a) a Department or Establishment of the Central   Government or State Government or Union territory; or

(b) local authority; or

(c) Governmental agencies,

which has taken registration under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (12 of 2017) only for the purpose of deducting tax under section 51 and not for making a taxable supply of goods or services. Provided further that nothing contained in this entry shall apply where –

i. The supplier has taken registration under the CGST Act, 2017 and exercised the option to pay tax on the services of GTA in relation to transport of goods supplied by him under the forward charge;

and

ii. The supplier has issued a tax invoice to the recipient charging Central Tax at the applicable rates and has made a declaration as prescribed in Annexure III on such invoice issued by him.

Goods Transport Agency (GTA) (a) any factory registered under or governed by the Factories Act, 1948(63 of 1948);or (b) any society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) or under any other law for the time being in force in any part of India; or (c) any co-operative society established by or under any law; or (d) any person registered under the Central Goods and Services Tax Act or the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act or the State Goods and Services Tax Act or the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act; or (e) any body corporate established, by or under any law; or (f) any partnership firm whether registered or not under any law including association of persons; or (g) any casual taxable person located in the taxable territory

 

Who is GTA? | What is GTA? | Explain Goods Transport Agency

Goods Transport Agency means any person who provides service in relation to transport of goods by road and issues consignment note, by whatever name called.

Relevant Notifications

 

What is a consignment note?

A consignment note means

  • serially numbered document
  • issued by a GTA
  • for the purpose of transportation of goods
  • by road in a goods carriage

Contents of Consignment Note

  • Name of Consignor
  • Name of Consignee
  • Place of origin
  • Place of destination
  • Details of Goods transported
  • Registration no. of vehicle
  • Person liable to pay GST whether it is consignor/consignee/GTA

 

Is it mandatory for a GTA to obtain registration under GST?

NO. It is not mandatory for a GTA to obtain registration under GST.

  • If all the services supplied by a GTA are covered under the reverse charge as per section 9 (3).
  • If GTA is solely involved in transporting the exempted goods specified vide CGST(Rate) Notification no. 12/2017 dated 28th June 2017.
  • If the aggregate turnover of a GTA does not exceed Rs 20 Lakhs (Rs 10 Lakhs in specified states).

 

Who is liable to pay GST in the case of used household goods for personal use?

If GTA is providing the service of transportation of used household goods for personal use to

  • The specified category of the person notified then the specified person will pay under reverse charge.
  • Any person other than the specified category of person then the transaction will be exempt from GST.

For eg. XYZ (GTA) provides transportation services for moving household goods from Delhi to Mumbai. Case 1 – If (XYZ) GTA has been hired by ABC (Registered Company) for the transportation of goods of their employee (Mr. K- unregistered under GST) then GST will be applicable. Case 2 – If (XYZ) GTA has been hired by Mr.K (Unregistered under GST) for the transportation of goods for himself then GST will not be applicable.  

 

Which GTA services are specifically exempted?

Following services provided by a GTA will be exempt from payment of tax

If the following goods transported by road by a GTA are

  • Agricultural produce
  • Milk, salt, and food grains including flour, pulses, and rice
  • Organic manure
  • Newspapers or magazines registered with the Registrar of Newspapers
  • Relief materials meant for victims of natural or man-made disasters, calamities, accidents, or mishaps
  • Defense or military equipment
  • If consideration charged for transportation of goods from a single consignee does not exceed Rs 750/-. [Withdrawn w.e.f. 18th July 2022]
  • If consideration charged for transportation of goods on a consignment in a single carriage does not exceed Rs 1500/-. [Withdrawn w.e.f. 18th July 2022]

(Services from GTA which are specifically exempted were notified vide a CGST(Rate) Notification no. 12/2017 dated 28th June 2017)

 

Is e-invoicing applicable to GTA?

GTA has been specifically kept out of the ambit of issuing e-invoices. But in the case where the annual aggregate turnover of a GTA exceeds the threshold limit which is required for generating e-invoices then a declaration in the invoice has been made mandatory w.e.f. 5th July 2022 [ Insertion of sub-clause (s) in Rule 46]. Relevant Notifications

 



 

 

Disclaimer: The above content is for general information purpose only and does not constitute professional advice. The author/ website will not be liable for any false, inaccurate, incomplete information. Any reliance you place on above content is therefore strictly at your risk.

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About CA Ankita Khetan 196 Articles
Ankita is a Chartered Accountant in practice and holds a Diploma in IFRS (from ACCA, UK). She is also a Commerce PG and Certified Independent Director (from IICA). She holds a certification in Forex and Treasury Management. Her area of expertise is GST and Income tax. She is passionate about reading, writing, and sharing knowledge on areas related to finance and taxation.

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