FM announces merger of Public Sector Banks
FM Nirmala Sitharaman today, on 30th Aug 2019, announced a merger of 10 Public sector banks into 4 entities. Along with that there was an announcement of capital infusion and management revival for the better operations of the banks. The revival of the PSU banks was a necessity in the current economy especially with the increasing NAPs of the PSU Banks.
Which Banks will merge together?
The following banks will merge together into a separate entity:
- PNB, OBC & United Bank will merge in one entity
- Canara Bank and Syndicate Bank will merge in one entity
- Union Bank, Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank will merge in one entity
- Indian Bank and Allahabad Bank will merge in one entity.
The Bank of India and Central Bank will remain as it is.
The effective date of the merger is not yet announced.
Repositioning PSUs to $5 Trillion Economy
The government wants to ensure that post this consolidation the banks financially stronger. For this, the government will be revitalizing them with the capital requirements. The table below mentions the recapitalization roadmap planned by the government.
(Rs. in crores)
|Punjab National Bank||16,000|
|Union Bank of India||11,700|
|Bank of Baroda||7,000|
|Indian Overseas Bank||3,800|
|Central Bank of India||3,300|
|United Bank of India||1,600|
|Punjab & Sind Bank||750|
Governance reforms to make PSUs Gen Next banks
Apart from these government reforms, an announcement has also been made about how the banks will operate going forward. The government wants to aim towards making the PSU banks to GenNext banks with technological advancement, professional attitude as well as enough management powers. Some of the important governance reforms include:
- Making management accountable to the Board. Like appraising the performance of GM level and above including MDs
- The board to develop the career plan for all senior positions;
- To recruit Chief Risk Officer from market
- Chief Risk Officer will be adequately empowered to decide on matters & Act.
- Flexibility is given for enhancement of sitting fees
- Strengthening Board Committee system.
- Enhancing the effectiveness of Non-Official Directors (NODs)
- Creation of Leadership pipeline